Effects of Smoking


 There is no safe level of tobacco use. Tobacco smoke contains dangerous chemicals, including tar, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, free radicals, metals and radioactive compounds. One of the reasons why tobacco smoking leads to premature death and disease is because it contains nicotine, which is addictive. This means that it is very hard for smokers to stop smoking as they have a physical dependence on the drug.

 Listed below are some of the effects of smoking:

 SHORT TERM EFFECTS OF SMOKING

·        Decreased lung capacity which makes it harder to breathe and exercise

·        Increased blood pressure

·        Increased heart rate

·        Increased muscle tension

·        Lowered skin temperature

·        Smelly hair, clothes and breath

·        Discoloured skin and teeth

·        Decreased sense of taste and smell

 LONG TERM EFFECTS OF SMOKING  

·        Lung cancer

·        Bronchitis

·        Emphysema

·        Increased risk of mouth, lip, throat, breast, pancreas, kidney and bladder cancers

·        Heart disease

·        Stroke

·        Osteoporosis

·        Stomach ulcers

·        Depressed immune response and increased infections

·        Lower than average birth weight (for pregnant women)

·        High risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (for parents who smoke)

·        Damage to the reproductive system

 

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